Sergeant Tisdale’s life was saved by his toothbrush. More about him later…
Much has been made in recent years of the relationship between gum health and cardiovascular disease, and in particular, whether the former is a cause of the latter. Consequently, it is possible that some of us may have been warned by well-meaning health professionals to brush our teeth and gums, in order to prevent a heart attack, stroke and various other related events, or even death…
However, let’s examine the association objectively:
- Both conditions share many risk factors such as smoking, obesity, diabetes, ageing, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, alcohol abuse, education and male gender. Therefore, it is possible that their true relationship can be clouded by such confounders. While observational studies have demonstrated an independent association between the two despite such variables, this evidence is insufficient to warrant causality. In addition, the strength of the relationship has been shown to be moderate at best.
- Plausible mechanisms whereby gum disease or its causative bacteria can directly or indirectly produce/induce an adverse effect on the cardiovascular system e.g. via generalised inflammation, bacterial invasion of the bloodstream and consequent infection of blood vessel walls, or formation of plaque deposits on blood vessel walls, have been tested showing mixed results.
- Treating gum disease using different methods can improve, at least in the short term, generalised inflammation, the function of cells lining blood vessel walls, and some, but not all, markers of cardiovascular disease. It has not been shown to prevent or modify cardiovascular disease.
In view of the above, we remain uncertain as to whether gum disease is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and as they say, more quality research is needed.
Back to Sergeant Tisdale, of the South Lancashires, who took his toothbrush with him on going to war. In a letter penned by the soldier from the front, he told of how a bullet to his heart was deflected by the toothbrush he was carrying, therefore saving his life.
*The Gundagai times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee district advertiser, Friday 11 June 1915
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