how the humble toothbrush saved a life

Sergeant Tisdale’s life was saved by his toothbrush. More about him later…

Much has been made in recent years of the relationship between gum health and cardiovascular disease, and in particular, whether the former is a cause of the latter.  Consequently, it is possible that some of us may have been warned by well-meaning health professionals to brush our teeth and gums, in order to prevent a heart attack, stroke and various other related events, or even death…

However, let’s examine the association objectively:

  • Both conditions share many risk factors such as smoking, obesity, diabetes, ageing, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, alcohol abuse, education and male gender. Therefore, it is possible that their true relationship can be clouded by such confounders. While observational studies have demonstrated an independent association between the two despite such variables, this evidence is insufficient to warrant causality. In addition, the strength of the relationship has been shown to be moderate at best.

 

  • Plausible mechanisms whereby gum disease or its causative bacteria can directly or indirectly produce/induce an adverse effect on the cardiovascular system e.g. via generalised inflammation, bacterial invasion of the bloodstream and consequent infection of blood vessel walls, or formation of plaque deposits on blood vessel walls, have been tested showing mixed results.

 

 

  • Treating gum disease using different methods can improve, at least in the short term, generalised inflammation, the function of cells lining blood vessel walls, and some, but not all, markers of cardiovascular disease.  It has not been shown to prevent or modify cardiovascular disease.

In view of the above, we remain uncertain as to whether gum disease is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and as they say, more quality research is needed.

Back to Sergeant Tisdale, of the South Lancashires, who took his toothbrush with him on going to war.  In a letter penned by the soldier from the front, he told of how a bullet to his heart was deflected by the toothbrush he was carrying, therefore saving his life.

Sources:

*The Gundagai times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee district advertiser, Friday 11 June 1915

# Lockhart PB, Bolger AF, Papapanou PN, Osinbowale O, Trevisan M, Levison ME,

Taubert KA, Newburger JW, Gornik HL, Gewitz MH, Wilson WR, Smith SC Jr, Baddour

LM; American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki

Disease Committee of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Council

on Epidemiology and Prevention, Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease, and

Council on Clinical Cardiology. Periodontal disease and atherosclerotic vascular

disease: does the evidence support an independent association?: a scientific

statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2012 May

22;125(20):2520-44. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e31825719f3. Epub 2012 Apr 18. PubMed

PMID: 22514251.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s